In the United States, Martin Luther King Day is always observed on the third Monday of January. Martin Luther King, Jr. (born Michael King, Jr., January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and civil rights activist, best known for his role in advancing civil rights and combating racial inequality using nonviolent civil disobedience, eloquent speeches, and community organization. His "I Have a Dream" speech in Washington, DC in 1963 established his reputation as one of the greatest orators in US history, revered for helping to inspire the progressive, anti-poverty, anti-segregation Civil Rights Movement. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis Tennessee. To honor his legacy, many cities and states established a holiday in his name, and MLK Day became a Federal holiday in 1986. Of many MLK quotes, one sums up both his philosophy and an ideal we should still hold dear: "Life's most persistent and urgent question is, 'What are you doing for others?'"